Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed: Silence and Salvation

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There are perhaps six main characteristics of Scholasticism: An acceptance of the prevailing Catholic orthodoxy. But Epicurus held that unecessary natural desires, like sex, involves relationships that ultimately are more painful than pleasant, and so should be overcome when possible. (Perhaps emotional wounds from his own life have found their way into his philosophy.) Vain desires, because there are no natural limits to them, tend to become obsessive and bring painful consequences if we give ourelves over to trying to fulfill them.(Palmer, 82-3) Epicurus' definition of pleasure is largely negative --the absence of pain.

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Nasir Khusraw: the Ruby of Badakhshan: A Portrait of the

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They also developed proofs of the creation of the world, using Christian Neoplatonist ideas. La „Poetica“ di Aristotele dal mondo arabo al mondo latino,“ in L’antichità classica nel pensiero medievale, ed. by A. Content with a simple, ragged cloak, he liked going barefoot better than wearing sandals or shoes. "He kept well on very little means," writes his biographer Alexander Eliot. "'Hunger is the finest sauce,' he used to say, 'and thirst lends the best bouquet to a glass of wine.

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Ockham - Philosophical Writings: A Selection

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Hence it was necessary for the salvation of man that certain truths which exceed human reason should be made known to him by divine revelation.. .. Liberté religieuse et éthique civique, ed. by Marie-Thérèse Urvoy (Studia Arabica 18). All beings (creatures) are imperfect, not self-motivated and thus not the actual source of their being -- there must be a "mover completely immobile and most perfect". The university was not itself a teaching institution: teaching was education had existed among the Greeks, Jews and Muslims, but a trade association of teachers or scholars was a new idea.

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The Cambridge Companion to Maimonides (Cambridge Companions

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But the boundaries between these phenomena could become blurred. Relying on arguments drawn from the civil law, John held that no one can justly use consumables, such as food, without owning what they use. Even in the 19th century, a treatise by Lord Kelvin and Peter Guthrie Tait, which helped define much of modern physics, was titled Treatise on Natural Philosophy (1867). It is a highly formalized, ritualistic cere­mony with common characteristics found in its Catholic, Protestant (Anglican, Puritan, or dissident), Jewish, and pagan (including, but not limited to, Greek) variations.

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A Companion to Responses to Ockham (Brill's Companions to

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Thus holding humanity back for a thousand years of stagnation and condemning millions to lives of suffering in the name of mysticism. In eulogizing her and other illustrious women, Moses Almosnino praised female learning and had no qualm asserting that the departed soul of these women will enter the "world-to-come" (Me'ameẓ Ko'aḥ, Venice 1588). But that is Ethics, and Ethics is only one branch of Philosophy. In his Poetics, he describes how a tragedy can evoke the emotions of pity and fear (1970).

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Alfonso de La Torre's Vision Deleytable: Philosophical

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Thomas, although primarily a theologian, argues philosophically in many of his works and clearly distinguishes between the methods of philosophy and religion. Review your notes prior to the session and come with questions. Although the members of the two cities have different ultimate values, they may have intermediate ends in common—for example, they all desire will have the cooperation of members of the city of God. Amoretti Scarcia, Bianca, “Modelli autorevoli: l’Epistola di al-Jâhiz (m. 869) contro i cristiani.

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The Soul-body Problem at Paris ca 1200-1250: Hugh of St-Cher

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Yet despite his philosophical preeminence, Augustine was not, and did not think of himself as, a philosopher either by training or by profession. If you are interested in medieval history this course will serve as a fascinating philosophical backdrop to illuminate debates that occupied many of the greatest minds of the era. The first is a general introduction of the topic of matter and form and their relation to physical substances. Just copy the HTML code fragment provided below to create the link and then paste it within your web content.

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Tommaso Campanella: The Book and the Body of Nature

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Again, suppose that scripture states that God created the world at a particular moment in time, while philosophy holds that it is eternal. And then, more recently, postmodernism is also re-developing into tribalism, which is basically truth defined by communities. Scotus denies this notion, instead preferring the idea that being is univocal – and creatures differ only from the creator in degrees rather than type of being. Thus, reason is not just a dead end in the pursuit of truth, but it is dangerously misleading.

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The Common Things: Essays on Thomism and Education

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A polity has an end, purpose or goal, which may be sought in a variety of ways, effectively or not, and it is a composite entity consisting of many individuals with their own individual purposes. Knowledge may be regarded as having two parts. From these facts, we can deduce that there are 3,600 seconds in an hour, and we arrive at this conclusion by the operation of thought alone. And had He so desired, He could have created a universe entirely different from the one which He has in fact created, or refrained from creating this universe or any part of it altogether. [29] The metaphysical implementation of the theological and ethical outlook we have just outlined was the other major philosophical task the Ash‘arite school set itself.

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Letter to Pope Hadrian about the Novelties of the Day

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Some vocabulary and concepts to define / explain: persuaded--the last paragraph containing 'persuaded' has been called the most important in Greek Philosophy. You’re just trying to get the truest part of yourself out, and its very hard, you know. Why would you do these things--what is the justification for each? For Hobbes, though, the laws of nature are rational from a practical standpoint: they are the sorts of laws that any rational person should adopt to save his or her hide: A law of nature (lex naturalis) is a precept or general rule, found out by reason, by which a man is forbidden to do that which is destructive of his life or takes away the means of preserving the same, and to omit that by which he thinks it may be best preserved. [Leviathan, 14.3] Thus, the laws of nature are nothing like rational principles of mathematics; they are grounded only in the human desire to survive, and thus are rational only in a pragmatic sense.

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